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Foundation

CIWAG is led by two co-directors, Naval War College professors with doctoral degrees and demonstrated excellence in teaching, publication, and research about Irregular Warfare, and Armed Groups. A deputy director, the Special Operations Forces Chair, provides the link to the operational world in addition to assisting in the planning, programming, budgeting and execution of all CIWAG activities. Senior Associates that conduct and support research are selected annually from qualified academics and practitioners. In addition, CIWAG has a Board of Advisors consisting of senior military leaders and civilian academics. The board provides guidance and feedback to the co-directors and deputy director on priorities for improving and advancing government and community relations, professional and industry relations, communications, and resource development.

Co-Directors

Dr. Andrea J. Dew is Co-Director of the Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups (CIWAG) at the U.S. Naval War College and holds a BA (Hons.) in History from Southampton University in the United Kingdom and an MALD and PhD in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. Professor Dew has studied advanced Japanese at the Kyoto Japanese Language School.
 
In addition to recently completing a study about risk management in U.S. and international commercial space policy, Dr. Dew is the co-author of a book on armed groups, Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat (Columbia University Press, 2009) and editor, with Dr. John Garofano, of The Indian Ocean and International Security (Georgetown University Press, forthcoming). She has also served as a Research Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science in International Affairs at Harvard University, and Senior Counter-Terrorism Fellow at the Jebsen Center for Counter Terrorism Studies at the Fletcher School.
 
Dr. Dew has conducted workshops on understanding armed groups and successful strategies for countering them for the National Defense Intelligence College, Naval Special Warfare, 3rd Ranger Battalion, and U.S. Marine Special Operations Forces Command. Dr. Dew's current research focuses on irregular warfare strategies on land and in the maritime environment.


Dr.  Marc A. Genest
 holds the Forrest Sherman Chair of Public Diplomacy in the Strategy and Policy Department and is Co-Director of the Center on Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups (CIWAG) at the Naval War College. He is also the Area Study Coordinator for the Insurgency and Terrorism electives program. In 2011, Professor Genest served as a civilian advisor at Division Headquarters for Regional Command – South in Kandahar, Afghanistan where he assessed the division’s Information operations campaign. In 2009, Genest received the Commander’s Award for Civilian Service from the Department of the Army for outstanding service as a Special Advisor to the Commander of Task Force Mountain Warrior while stationed in Regional Command- East in Afghanistan. 

Dr. Genest earned his Ph.D. from Georgetown University in International Politics. Before coming to the Naval War College, Professor Genest taught at Georgetown University, the U.S. Air War College and the University of Rhode Island. While at the University of Rhode Island, Professor Genest received the University’s Teaching Excellence Award. He also serves as a political commentator for local, national and international radio news and television stations as well as for RI and national print media. In addition, Dr Genest worked on Capitol Hill for Senator John Chafee and Representative Claudine Schneider. Dr. Genest has received fellowships and grants from numerous organizations including the United States Institute of Peace, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the Harry S. Truman Foundation, the Foundation for the Defense of Democracy, Smith-Richardson Foundation and the Bradley Foundation. Professor Genest’s books include, Negotiating in the Public Eye: The Impact of the Press on the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Force Negotiations, Conflict and Cooperation: Evolving Theories of International Relations and Stand! Contending Issues in World Politics. He has also written articles dealing with international relations theory, strategic communication, American foreign policy and public opinion. 

Deputy Director

Carl Tiska Captain Carl Tiska is a graduate of the State University of New York Maritime College, the Uruguayan Naval War College and National War College. Upon commissioning as an Ensign, he attended Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training in Coronado, California, graduating with Class 141. CAPT Tiska has served as assistant platoon commander, SEAL Delivery Vehicle navigator, Training Officer, Operations Officer, Executive Officer (Special Boat Unit TWENTY and SEAL Team FOUR), Maritime Operations Officer (Special Operations Command South), NSW Task Unit Saipan Commander, Naval Special Warfare Operations Officer (Commander, SIXTH Fleet), Commanding Officer (NSW Unit TEN), Chief of Staff and Deputy Commander of Joint Forces Special Operations Component Command, Iraq. Captain Tiska was most recently assigned to the US Special Operations Command where he ran the SOCOM Global Mission Support Center and then served as the Director of the Preserving the Force and Families Task Force. CAPT Tiska arrived at the Naval War College in March 2013 where he is serving as the Robert S. Harward Professor of Special Operations.

Senior Associates

Colonel David A. Brown, U.S. Army, is a designated Army Strategist who holds a B.A. in Philosophy, a diploma from D.L.I. for studies in the Greek language, a diploma from the Army‘s Command and General Staff College, an M.S. from Long Island University in Counseling and Leader Development, a M.M.A.S. from the Army‘s School of Advanced Military Studies Program, and a M.A. in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College. Col. Brown‘s career spans over 29 years in Field Artillery units and a variety of command and staff positions in the United States and overseas. His operational experience includes nuclear weapons programs, combat experience in Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom, frequent visits to Bosnia and Kosovo and operational planning experience at battalion, brigade, division and theater levels, where he served as 1st Armored Division Chief of Plans and Chief of Contingency Plans for United States Army Europe. Col. Brown also served as a Tactical Officer at the U.S. Military Academy, and commanded the U.S. Army Garrison, Fort Wainwright, Alaska. He is a recipient of the James D. Forrestal Award for excellence in Strategy and Force Planning and a graduate of the Institute of Counter-Terrorism‘s Executive Studies Program at Herzliya, Israel. He has lectured on armed groups and counterterrorism, as well as on ethics, theology and history, and is the author of Intifada and The Blood of Abraham, Lessons in Asymmetrical Warfare—Written in Stone, published by the Association of the United States Army‘s Institute of Land Warfare. After two years teaching Strategy and Policy, Col. Brown served as the senior military advisor and team chief for 15 Military Transition Teams advising the 2nd Iraqi Army Division in 2008.

Dr. Donald Chisholm, joined the faculty of the Naval War College in 2000. Previously, he taught at the University of Illinois, Chicago and the University of California, Los Angeles, after earning his A.B., M.A., and PhD. in political science at the University of California, Berkeley. His research has examined the planning and execution of military operations; cognitive and organizational limits on rationality; organizational adaptation and innovation; organizational failure and reliability; and privatization of public activities. He is the author of Waiting for Dead Men’s Shoes: Origins and Development of the U.S. Navy’s Officer Personnel System, 1793–1941 (Stanford University Press, 2001), which received the 2001 RADM Samuel Eliot Morison Award.

Jim Cook is a Professor of National Security Affairs at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He specializes in Strategy, Force Planning and the Middle East. A recently retired Army Air Defense Artillery officer, Professor Cook is a 1985 graduate of the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, and a 2000 distinguished graduate of the Naval War College (College of Naval Command and Staff).He has served in a variety of command and staff assignments in Army tactical units located within the United States and Germany. Professor Cook served on the Army staff (G-8, Force Development) as the Theater Air and Missile Defense Systems Integrator, and was the Air Defense Artillery Colonels Assignment Officer at the U.S. Army Human Resources Command. He was appointed as the US Army exchange officer at the United Kingdom’s Joint Services Command and Staff College where he received an M.A. in Defense Studies from King’s College London. Professor Cook also served as the Chief, Air and Missile Defense and Deputy G3 for the 10th Mountain Division, Fort Drum, New York, that included a deployment as the Deputy CJ3, CJTF-76, Operation Enduring Freedom, Afghanistan. He is an active participant in the Naval War College’s International Engagement program where he lectures on strategy and international security matters. Most recently, he deployed to Afghanistan and served on the Regional Command-South staff from March to May 2011. Professor Cook co-authored the article, “From National to Theater: Developing Strategy (Joint Forces Quarterly, 3rd Quarter 2013).

Dick Crowell is an associate professor of joint military operations at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.  He specializes in information operations and cyberspace operations.  Additionally, he serves the Naval War College as the College of Naval Warfare coordinator for contemporary operating environments. He has recently authored monographs on Information Operations and Cyberspace Operations.  Hung on the Old Bridge Like Slaughtered Sheep describes how the U.S. is being out maneuvered in the information environment by adversaries like Al Qaeda and its associated movements (AQAM). War in the Information Age: A Primer for Cyberspace Operations in 21st Century Warfare frames the ability to understand cyberspace through operational art and the intertwining of cyberspace and human activity. Professor Crowell is a retired naval aviator with nearly 30 years of flying, staff and planning experience. He served as the assistant air operations officer for the Commander Naval Air Forces Atlantic Fleet, the operations officer for the NATO Multi-Service Electronic Warfare Support Group, and a program manager for the Commander Navy Recruiting Command. Before joining the Naval War College faculty, he taught joint professional military education phase 2 at the Joint Forces Staff College (JFSC) and information operations at the Joint Command, Control and Information Operations School at JFSC. He earned a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College and a Bachelor of Science from Massachusetts Maritime Academy. richard.crowell@usnwc.edu


Dr. Frank “Scott” Douglas
earned his PhD from Columbia University’s Political Science department, where he focused on the use of air power for compellence in Bosnia and Kosovo and on developing strategies to coerce authoritarian regimes. Prof. Douglas also holds an MA from Johns Hopkins University, SAIS, where he concentrated in Strategic Studies, and a BSFS degree from Georgetown’s School of Foreign Service. In addition, he earned a regional studies certificate in East & Central Europe from Columbia’s Harriman Institute and received a Foreign Language Area Studies Fellowship for Serbo-Croatian. In addition to his scholarly work, he has served as an election observer in Bosnia and as the director of a volunteer English teaching program in the Czech Republic. He is currently working on a manuscript entitled Creative Violence: Coercive Theory and NATO’s Victory in Bosnia, as well as a new project analyzing the United States' and Al-Qaeda's struggle to define the nature of the Global War on Terror to their advantage. Prof. Douglas is also a direct commission Naval Reserve Intelligence Officer, who served from 2009-2010 as a mobilized reservist in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom, as well as supporting the CNO's Strategic Studies Group for seven years.

Dr. Stephen Downes-Martin  has over 30 years of experience in developing and applying war gaming, game theory, decision analysis, and systems thinking to tactical, operational and strategic military problems for a wide variety of government, military, aerospace, and commercial organizations in the US and abroad. Stephen is currently a Research Professor at the US Naval War College, where his research focus is on how to manipulate decision support, analysis, and assessment methods to deceive decision makers, how decision makers misuse decision making tools to deceive themselves, how to detect such attempts and protect decision makers from them. His education includes a Ph.D. in Physics from London University, Master of Advanced Studies in Mathematics from Cambridge University, M.A. (with Distinction) in National Security and Strategic Studies from the US Naval War College (JPME Phase I), and industrial and academic courses in business management, science and technology, and liberal arts. Stephen has published widely, and has been an invited speaker in the US, Europe and the former Soviet Union on business, international security and technology issues. He was a military intelligence officer in the British Army, and is now a US citizen. Stephen deployed to Helmand Province Afghanistan for spring 2010 to support Regional Command (South West) as the Commanding General's Assessments Advisor, for which he was awarded the Superior Civilian Service Medal. He deployed to ISAF HQ in Kabul for spring 2012 advising General Allen's Afghan Assessments Group. His full bio can be viewed at: http://www.linkedin.com/pub/stephen-downes-martin/b/475/12

Admiral Guillermo E. Barrera is the “Chief of Operations Distinguished International Fellow” at the U. S. Naval War College. He served the Colombian Navy for more than 44 years. His main assignments as Flag Officer were: Commander of the Colombian Navy for four years, Chief of Operations of the Navy for 1.5 years, Commander Caribbean Naval forces for three years, and Chief of Integrated Action (J5) at the Joint Command of the Colombian Military Forces for 3 years. In this position he executed the transformation of the department from Psychological Warfare, to Integrated Action, and prepared the final version of the Strategy of Integrated Action for the Military Forces. As Operational Commander and Commander of the Navy during the government of President Alvaro Uribe, he was part of the governmental team that transformed Colombia from the brink of failure to stability and democracy, with a people-centric approach. Admiral Barrera has a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Naval Sciences, both from the Colombian Naval Academy. He holds a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. He completed the Advanced Management course at the University of Los Andes (Colombia) and also the Business High Management Program of the University of La Sabana (Colombia). He completed the Naval Command College, class of 1993 at the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. As CNO Distinguished International Fellow, Admiral Barrera teaches an elective in Political Warfare, works for Joint Military Operations, Strategy and Policy, Leadership and War gaming. He also has participated in two CIWAG symposiums and collaborates with both CIWAG on projects. He also works with the William Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies at the National Defense University. Admiral Barrera’s awards include the “Order of Boyacá”, “Order of Democracy” from the Colombian Senate, “Distinguish Services in Public Order”, eight military Orders, three academic medals, 49 military and civilian decorations and 8 foreign awards, including the U. S. “Legion Of Merit”, Commander Grade.

Dr. Roy Godson was elected president of the National Information Center in 1993. He is also Professor Emeritus of Government at Georgetown University. In cooperation with the Board of Directors, Godson directs the Center’s policy and programs. Dr. Godson has developed and managed educational and training programs on several continents, consulting extensively with governments, private sector organizations, and the United Nations’ Office on Drug and Crime. He has also been working with educational officials, mass media, and religious institutions in Central and South America, the Caucuses, and the Middle East on the development of educational programs to prevent political violence, crime and corruption by building and supporting a culture of lawfulness. He has authored or edited more than 20 books and numerous articles on a variety of security-related subjects, most recently Menace To Society, Political-Criminal Collaboration Around the World; and Organized Crime and Democratic Governability: Mexico and the US – Mexican Borderlands. He is the founding editor of the quarterly journal Trends in Organized Crime. 


Dr. Colin F. Jackson
studied at the University of Pennsylvania‘s Wharton School (M.B.A., Finance), Johns Hopkins’ School of Advanced International Studies (M.A., International Economics and Strategic Studies), Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson A-6 School (B.A., Public and International Affairs), and MIT (Ph.D., Political Science—Security Studies). Dr. Jackson‘s current research includes work on counterinsurgency, military operations in urban terrain, public and private sector risk management, organizational learning, and intelligence operations. Dr. Jackson worked for several years in the corporate sector in financial trading, telecommunications, transportation markets, and power development. He also served four years on active duty with the United States Army in Germany as an armor and cavalry officer. Dr. Jackson continues to serve as a military intelligence officer in the U.S. Army Reserve.

Dr. Christopher Jasparro is an Associate Professor of National Security Affairs and Africa Area Study Coordinator at the US Naval War College, specializing in transnational and irregular security threats as well as environmental security issues, particularly climate change.   He also has interests in homeland security, development, and theater security cooperation.  Dr. Jasparro is an Asia-Pacific regional specialist with additional interests in African non-state security issues and regional geography.   Prior to joining NWC, he served at the U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, DoD Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, and Department of Geography – Framingham State College. He is a former U.S. Naval Reserve Officer and an experienced field archaeologist.  Dr. Jasparro also has experience in cartography, transportation and town planning. He holds a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Kentucky as well as a Graduate Certificate in Transportation Systems Management.  Dr. Jasparro also received and MA in geography from the University of North Carolina and a BA in anthropology and geography from the University of Vermont. His published work has appeared in numerous venues including Geopolitics, Geographical Bulletin, Water Policy, Regional Development Dialogue, and Jane’s Intelligence Review.

Commander James Kraska, JAGC, USN serves as the Howard S. Levie Chair in Operational Law, member of the faculty of the International Law Department, and Senior Associate in the Center for Irregular Warfare and Armed Groups at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He also holds appointments as Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute and as Guest Investigator at the Marine Policy Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Commander Kraska served as legal adviser to joint and naval task force commanders in the Asia-Pacific, two tours in Japan and in four Pentagon major staff assignments, including as oceans law and policy adviser as well as chief of international treaty negotiations, both on the Joint Staff. Commander Kraska has taught and lectured at numerous academic and military institutions, including The Hague Academy of International Law, Stanford Law School, National Defense University, Virginia Law School, Yale Law School, and the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in San Remo, Italy. He has consulted on oceans law and policy issues for international organizations, research institutions, and private companies in the United States, Europe, and Asia. He earned a research doctor of juridical science (J.S.D.) and master’s degree in international law (LL.M.) from University of Virginia School of Law and a professional doctor of jurisprudence (J.D.) from Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Bloomington. Kraska also completed a master’s degree at the School of Politics and Economics, Claremont Graduate School. In 2010, he was selected for the Alfred Thayer Mahan Award for Literary Achievement by the Navy League of the United States.

Dr. Heidi E. Lane is Associate Professor of Strategy and Policy and faculty advisor for Greater Middle East Regional Studies Area of Study at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. She has conducted extensive field research in the Middle East, including as research affiliate with the Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and as a U.S. Fulbright scholar in Syria. She is currently a research fellow with the International Security Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University where she is completing research on a book manuscript about the effects of counterterrorism programs on state liberalization in the Middle East. Her areas of specialization are ethnic and religious nationalism, insurgency and terrorism, and de-radicalization. She was also a visiting instructor in the Department of Government, Claremont-McKenna College before joining the US Naval War College in 2003. Dr. Lane holds a M.A and Ph.D. in Islamic Studies from the Center for Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Los Angeles and a B.A. from the University of Chicago. She is trained in Arabic, Hebrew, and Persian.

Professor Paul A. Povlock became a faculty member of the Joint Military Operations Department in 2004 following command of USS San Francisco (SSN-711). He retired from active service in 2009 at which time he joined the faculty as an Associate Professor. His sea tours included duty on USS Lafayette (SSBN-616) (GOLD), USS Richard B. Russell (SSN-687), USS Albuquerque (SSN-706), and USS Philadelphia (SSN-690). Significant shore tours included service on the Joint Staff as the Navy Branch Chief of the Reconnaissance Operations Division (J38), at Central Command Headquarters as the Chief of Effects Synchronization & Plans of the Strategic Effects Division (J5), and as an Instructor at the Naval Academy. A 1984 graduate of the Naval Academy, he also holds Master's degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Maryland and in National Security and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College.



Colonel Timothy P. Schultz, USAF, is a Military Professor of Strategy and Policy at the U.S. Naval War College. Prior to joining the Newport faculty, he served for three years as the Commandant and Dean of the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. He received his Ph.D. in the history of science and technology from Duke University in 2007, and his research interests include the evolving human-machine relationship and the transformative role of automation in warfare. He is a 1988 graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy and studied at Colorado State University, Fort Collins (M.S. in Cellular Biology), the Air Command and Staff College (M.A. in Military Operational Art and Science), and the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies (M.A. in Airpower Art and Science). Colonel Schultz is a U-2 pilot with experience in multiple theaters and commanded the 1st Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron at Royal Air Force Base Akrotiri, Cyprus.

Dr. Richard H. Shultz, Jr., is a professor of international politics at the Fletcher School, Tufts
University, where he teaches graduate-level courses in various aspects of international security
affairs, internal/transnational conflict, war studies, and intelligence and armed groups. He is also
the director of the Fletcher School’s International Security Studies Program. He has held three
chairs: the Olin Distinguished Professorship of National Security Studies at the U.S. Military
Academy, Secretary of the Navy Senior Research Fellow at the U.S. Naval War College, and
Brigadier General H. L. Oppenheimer Chair of War-fighting Strategy, U.S. Marine Corps. His
forthcoming book, The Marines Take Anbar: The Four-Year Fight against al Qaeda, will be
published in early spring 2013 by the Naval Institute Press. Other recent books include
Insurgents, Terrorists, and Militias: The Warriors of Contemporary Combat (Columbia
University Press, 2006) and The Secret War Against Hanoi: Kennedy’s and Johnson’s Use of Spies, Saboteurs, and Covert Warriors in North Vietnam (New York: Harper Collins, 1999).
Since the mid-1980s he has served as a security consultant to various U.S. government
departments and agencies concerned with national security affairs. Currently he is a consultant to
the U.S. Special Operations Command.

Dr. Michael Vlahos is a graduate of Yale University and holds an M.A.L.D. and Ph.D. in International Relations from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. He has served in the United States Navy and the CIA, and as Director of the Center for the Study of Foreign Affairs at the U.S. Department of State. He was Director of Security Studies at SAIS-Johns Hopkins. He is the author of The Blue Sword: The Naval War College and the American Mission, and most recently Fighting Identity: Sacred War and World Change. His research focus is the interplay between war and culture in the dynamics of historical change — highlighted in the policy debate by articles such as “Culture and Foreign Policy” (Foreign Policy, 1990), “The War After Byte City” Washington Quarterly, 1997), “Terror’s Mask: Insurgency Within Islam” (JHUAPL, 2002), and “The Fall of Modernity” (American Conservative, 2007). In 2010 he developed a war-gaming approach to explore the interaction of cultural change and climate change, called “Ashen Truths” — which was conducted at the War College in July.

Dr. Toshi Yoshihara is an associate professor in the Strategy and Policy Department at the Naval War College. Previously, he was a visiting professor in the Strategy Department at the Air War College. Dr. Yoshihara has also served as an analyst at the Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis, RAND, and the American Enterprise Institute. His research interests include U.S. alliances in the Asia-Pacific region, China’s military modernization, Chinese naval strategy, guerilla warfare at sea, and Japan’s defense policy. He is co-author of Chinese Naval Strategy in the Twenty-first Century: The Turn to Mahan (2008), co-editor of Asia Looks Seaward: Power and Maritime Strategy (2008), and co-author of Indian Naval Strategy in the Twenty-first Century (2009). His articles on maritime and naval strategy have appeared in Journal of Strategic Studies, Comparative Strategy, Orbis, Naval War College Review, American Interest, and Joint Forces Quarterly. Dr. Yoshihara holds a Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, an M.A. from the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and a B.S. from the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.


Research Associates

Danielle Boulay, CIWAG Program Manager, is a graduate of The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (B.A. Sociology, Psychology, Criminal Justice), and The University of New Haven (M.A. National Security and Public Safety). Mrs.Boulay has been an active member of the Massachusetts Air National Guardsince 2007. Prior to joining CIWAG Mrs. Boulay was working as an Operational Intelligence Analyst for the active duty component of the Air National Guard's 102nd Intelligence Wing, Cape Cod MA.
 
Janet Parkinson, Senior Editor, is a graduate of Vassar College (B.A. Medieval and Renaissance Studies). Mrs. Parkinson has worked in the publishing industry since 1995, focusing on academic and scholarly publishing. She coordinates and edits CIWAG's case study series and other publications.

Brendan Hall, Irregular Warfare Analyst, is a graduate of the University of Rhode Island (B.A. History, Political Science minor) and Providence College (M.A. Modern History). Mr. Hall’s research and analysis at CWIAG has focused on understanding the role of irregular warfare, Special Operations Forces, and non-state actors in 20th and 21st Century conflicts and insurgencies.