Lt. Cmdr. Cynthia J. Parmley is currently serving as a military professor at the Stockton Center for International Law. She has specialized in operational law with a particular focus on special operations, sensitive activities, and unique international jurisdictional matters. Prior to her arrival, Lt. Cmdr. Parmley served as chief, operational law at Special Operations Command Europe. She has prior civilian experience as a policy officer at the U.S Department of State in the Bureau of African Affairs and Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations. She holds a J.D. and M.A. from GWU, a diplôme d'échange from Sciences Po Paris and a B.A. from UC Berkeley.