Andrew L. Stigler teaches in the NSA Department. He has published in International Security, Joint Forces Quarterly, Texas National Security Review, The National Interest, and Just War. His forthcoming article in Survival, "Strategic Unpredictability: Assessing the Doctrine from Nixon to Putin", examines national leaders' efforts to seek strategic advantage by acting unpredictably. His book "Governing the Military" (Routledge) examines presidential control of the military instrument of power. Stigler holds an M.A. in international relations from the University of Chicago and a Ph.D. in political science from Yale University. He previously taught at Dartmouth College.