Erik Sand is an assistant professor in the Strategic and Operational Research Department at the Naval War College’s Center for Naval Warfare Studies. He earned his Ph.D. in political science as part of Security Studies Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Sand is a Navy reserve surface warfare officer with nine years of active-duty service. His current book project explores why states share advanced military technology with other states. His other research interests include great power dynamics including deterrence, the political economy of security, bureaucratic politics and maritime issues.