The Center for Cyber Conflict Studies advances research, education and analysis on the strategic and operational challenges of cyberspace for the Department of the Navy.
Center for Cyber Conflict Studies (C3S) supports the broad educational objectives of the Naval War College through a variety of fora to inform mid-grade and senior officers and leaders in the Department of the Navy on the strategic and operational challenges of operations in the cyberspace domain.
Located at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, as part of the Strategic and Operational Research Department within the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, the Center for Cyber Conflict Studies (C3S) is primarily a research institute dedicated to conducting detailed research and analysis on the complexity of cyberspace operations, opportunities and challenges.
Research focuses on four broad areas of inquiry, including:
Comparative cyber commands with a study of lessons emerging from differences in the creation and evolution of U.S. and allied cyber commands or their equivalents.
Implications of a future cyber “Westphalia” along with a continuing study of the systemic changes brought about by a cybered world and how those changes affect U.S. and allied assumptions and abilities to operate.
China and systemic cyberpower, focused on how China is using its cyber capabilities in combination with other elements of its national power to pursue its national interests.
Gaming systemic cybered conflict by identifying tools and techniques to create game-based simulations for research and classroom use that allow experimentation on and examination of emerging and future cyber-conflict scenarios.
Our experienced and renowned faculty has years of earned expertise across a wide range of naval and educational topics. To learn more, please use the link below to access the online directory.
CDR Leonard grew up in Holliston, MA, and graduated from the University of Tennessee in 1995. He was commissioned through Officer Candidate School in 1997 and earned his wings in 1998. As a Naval Aviator, he has amassed over 2,200 hours and was designated a SH-60B Weapons and Tactics Instructor. He graduated from the United States Naval War College with a Master's Degree in National Security and Strategic Studies (with highest distinction) in 2011, and earned a Master's in Business Administration from Creighton University in 2017. CDR Leonard is married and has two children.
With engineering, economics, and comparative complex organization theory/political science degrees, Dr. Chris C. Demchak is the RDML Grace M. Hopper Professor of Cyber Security and Director, Center for Cyber Conflict Studies (C3S), U.S. Naval War College. In her research on cyberspace as a globally shared insecure complex ‘substrate’, Demchak takes a systemic approach to emergent structures, comparative institutional evolution, adversaries’ use of systemic cybered tools, virtual worlds/gaming for operationalized organizational learning, and designing systemic resilience against imposed surprise.